What is cosmetic dermatology?
Cosmetic dermatology is the use of products and procedures to improve the appearance of skin flaws caused by medical conditions, sun damage and aging. Common flaws are acne scars, hyperpigmentation, surgical and injury scars, wrinkles, fine lines and sagging skin.
Aging skin is the result of cumulative damage caused by the sun, smoking, diet and environmental factors. The result is a loss of collagen, reduced skin elasticity and resilience which leads to sagging skin. Starting in the 30’s collagen production slows.
Anti-aging treatments often combine topical therapies combined with a good maintenance program. Office procedures range from treatments with no downtime, to minimal downtime and several days of downtime based on your desired results and frequency of treatments.
Treatment for acne scars may include surgery, laser resurfacing, chemical peels, fillers, cryotherapy, dermabrasion and microdermabrasion. Sometimes a combination of treatments will produce the best results.
- Botox Cosmetic is used to treat moderate to severe dynamic wrinkles caused by repetitive facial expressions. Dynamic wrinkles include horizonal frown lines, crow’s feet, and vertical forehead lines called the “Elevens” between your eyebrows. Botox injections will reduce the appearance of vertical neck bands, improve the appearance of vertical lip lines, enhance your smile by lifting the corners of the mouth, treat a gummy smile and smooth chin dimpling.
- Topical Products for cosmetic enhancement include skin lightening creams that contain Hydroquinone to treat hyperpigmentation from dark spots, age spots and sunspots. Over- the- counter skin bleaching agents are available, but prescription bleaches contain twice as much active ingredient.
Retinoids are a class of topical medications derived from Vitamin A prescribed to treat mild to moderate acne, unclog blocked pores and kill the bacteria that cause acne. Retinoids have been proven to boost collagen, soften fine lines and wrinkles, and speed skin cell turnover to even out skin tone, smooth the skin, and restore a youthful glow. Retinoids are also used to treat and prevent photo-aging, and pigmentation disorders including post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation, melasma, and age and sunspots. Low dose retinols can be found over- the- counter. All retinoids are not the same. Over the counter retinols have few side effects but can take up to six months to provide visible results. Prescription doses available include retinol, tretinoin, and tazarotene.
- Skin Growths and Lesions. Removal of unwanted benign growths and lesions that are of cosmetic concern is always accomplished with the goal of preventing scarring. Warts, moles, skin tags and other skin growths may be cut out, frozen off, treated with special creams, or heat, laser or light therapy.