What is medical dermatology?
Medical dermatology is the specialty medical and surgical treatment of skin, hair and nail diseases and conditions. A board-certified dermatologist is trained to diagnose and treat more than 3000 medical diseases and conditions in patients of all ages. Treatments for medical conditions can have an impact on a patient’s appearance. Dr. Daniel Hoffman in Fargo, ND uses his expertise to offer the best care for conditions of the skin, hair and nails and takes into consideration the impact of treatment on a patient’s self-esteem and confidence.
Common medical dermatology conditions
- Skin cancer including nonmelanoma and melanoma skin cancers are diagnosed and treated with medications, excision, cryotherapy, phototherapy and surgery.
- Acne should be treated early to prevent emotional distress, hyperpigmentation and dark spots, and scarring.
- Contact Allergies cause hives, rashes and itching. They are caused by an allergic reaction to food, plants, cosmetics and medications; a physical trigger like an insect bite, or a medical condition like an infection, or an autoimmune disease.
- Medication allergies and skin side effects including chemotherapy
- Psoriasis is an immune disease that causes raised, red, scaly patches on the elbows, knees, scalp that can itch, sting and burn.
- Dermatitis (Eczema) is dry, scaly skin affects children and adults. When it begins in childhood it can become a lifelong disease. Eczema itching can be very intense, can cause loss of sleep, depression, anxiety, increase the risk of asthma, hay fever and other allergies, decrease quality of life. Scratching can cause a skin infection. Years of scratching can cause the skin to thicken, become leathery and darker than the surrounding skin.
- Diabetes can affect the skin and cause rashes, blisters, skin tags, ulcers, skin infections, dry itchy skin, and hard, thick skin.
- Undiagnosed Rashes are usually a symptom of a medical problem, reaction to allergens and plant substances like poison ivy.
- Hair loss including thinning, shedding and bald spots. Alopecia areata is an immune system disease that attacks the hair follicles causing round or oval bald patches. It can also affect the nails causing dents, ridges and brittle nails. Androgenetic alopecia is genetic pattern baldness. Hormone imbalances can cause thinning hair or loss. In most of these cases, treatment can help regrow hair.
- Nail disorders can result from a medical condition like psoriasis, nail fungus, infections, injury that damages the nails. Melanoma skin cancer can grow under a toe or fingernail.
- Pediatric Skin Diseases include measles, chickenpox, ringworm, impetigo (a bacterial infection), and scarlet fever.
- Warts are caused by a viral infection. They are contagious and are spread by contact.
- Other viral infections include shingles, and cold sores.
- Bacterial, fungal and other skin infections. Pityriasis rosea is a rash caused by a viral infection. Roseola is a viral infection.
- Autoimmune disorders of the skin
- Rosacea is a common skin condition that causes redness, flushing and visible blood vessels across nose, cheeks, forehead and chin, and can spread to the ears, chest and back. Some types of rosacea can cause acne-like breakouts, thicken the skin and cause bumpy texture, and affect the eyes causing redness, irritation and swollen eyelids and also affect self-esteem and confidence. Women are more likely than men to get rosacea. Rosacea runs in families, and the immune system plays a role. It is related to a mite that lives on the skin called a demodex. Rosacea can be triggered by sun, heat, cold and spicy foods causing symptoms to flare.
- Medicated ointments and creams
- Antibiotics, antifungals and antihistamines
- Oral steroids
- Oral drug therapy
- Intralesional injections of medication directly into acne cysts, psoriasis and some kinds of eczema.
- Topical chemotherapy
- Topical immunotherapy
- Phototherapy uses UVB ultraviolet light to treat skin eruptions.
When you have a medical dermatology concern contact Dr. Daniel Hoffman for compassionate expert care.